YU Yanyan,DING Haiping.Effects of basin depth on seismic ground motion and basin-induced surface wave[J].EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND ENGINEERING DYNAMICS,2021,41(03):147-156.[doi:10.13197/j.eeev.2021.03.147.yuyy.015]





Effects of basin depth on seismic ground motion and basin-induced surface wave
于彦彦1 丁海平12
1. 苏州科技大学 江苏省结构工程重点实验室, 江苏 苏州 215011;
2. 中国地震局工程力学研究所, 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150080
YU Yanyan1 DING Haiping12
1. Key Laboratory of Structure Engineering of Jiangsu Province, Suzhou University of Science and Technology, Suzhou 215011, China;
2. Institute of Engineering Mechanics, China Earthquake Administration, Harbin 150080, China
Rayleigh wavebasin depthground motionamplification effect
Effects of basin depth d on basin ground motion and amplification effect, as well as the basin-induced surface wave (Rayleigh wave) are investigated by explicit finite element method coupled with multi-transmitting formula, and a new surface wave extraction method considering the frequency, apparent velocity, and polarization characteristic. The results show that ground motions of area very close to the basin edge are suppressed compared with the horizontal stratified model, and the suppression range become enlarger as the increasing d. For horizontal component, surface displacement amplitude of the basin model can be amplified by up to 1.1~1.25, and the maximum amplification factor (AF) decreases with growing d, accompanied by a location shift towards the basin internal region. For vertical component, its maximum amplitude can reaches about 0.92 times that of 1D horizontal stratified model. The greatest amplification always occur near the basin edge, and averaging AF increases with d. With the growing of basin depth, surface wave amplitudes (SWA) of both horizontal and vertical components increases accordingly. The maximum SWA appears inside the basin, and its distribution shows obvious oscillation. For smaller basin depth model, multi-channel surface waves can be observed due to the multiple wave reflections at the basin base, which considerably lengthened the surface wave durations. The ratio of SWA to real motion horizontally increases with larger basin depth, with a maximum value of 0.7, while this value stays close to 0.65 vertically inside the basin.


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更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01